T&E Litigation Newsletter - 2/11/2013February 2013 – Advisories
In Fowler v. Kulhowvick, Case No. 12-P-277, 2013 Mass. App. Unpub. LEXIS 168 (Feb. 8, 2013), a decision issued pursuant to Rule 1:28, the Appeals Court affirmed the denial of a petition to vacate a decree allowing a will.
Fowler, an interested party, was not given notice of the petition to probate the will, and did not learn about it until after the will had already been allowed. He then filed a petition to vacate the allowance of the will and for leave to file objections. The probate court determined that notice to Fowler was defective and ordered a hearing on whether Fowler could substantiate his claims of lack of capacity and undue influence. In itself, defective service is not enough to vacate a decree allowing a will. "[A] probate judge has discretion to vacate a decree only after ascertaining whether the party seeking revocation can present 'substantial and meritorious grounds' against allowance of the will. Here, after finding that notice was defective, the probate judge ordered a hearing to evaluate whether Fowler had substantial and meritorious grounds against allowing the will. This was the proper procedure under our precedents." (Internal citations omitted.)
After hearing, the probate court denied Fowler's petition to vacate the allowance of the will, holding that he could not substantiate his claims of lack of capacity and undue influence. The Appeals Court affirmed because it found no error in the probate court's ruling.
In Fiumara v. Fiumara, Case No. 12-P-133, 2013 Mass. App. Unpub. LEXIS 130 (Feb. 4, 2013), another decision issued pursuant to Rule 1:28, the Appeals Court affirmed a superior court ruling that the trust at issue was a "sham" because the decedent never intended to relinquish control over the properties placed in the trust or to vest meaningful title in the trustee.
"In order for a trust to be valid in the Commonwealth, it must unequivocally show an intention that the legal estate be vested in one person to be held in some manner or for some purpose on behalf of another." (Internal citation omitted.) Here, the Appeals Court held that the superior court properly relied on the decedent's conduct after executing the trust in finding that he did not intend to part with control of the property or divest himself of ownership. The decision does not recite all of the evidence, but the Appeals Court noted that the decedent never informed the trustee of her responsibilities or of the identities of the beneficiaries, which was characterized as "robust" evidence that no valid trust was ever intended.
This update was authored by Mark Swirbalus, a Director in the firm's Probate & Fiduciary Litigation group. For questions or additional information on this topic, please contact Mark at [email protected] or contact any member of the Probate & Fiduciary Litigation group.
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